So! You made a color coded png to be used as a tilemap. However! The scripts used to convert said png into a tilemap have since been depreciated and nothing else seems to work, you can import it as a picture but that serves no functional purpose. Should you just give in and remake your map file in Tiled? I mean probably, but now there is another way!
We are going to take that map file (It needs to have the same dimension as the map you are importing to, the colors need to directly match up to your tile types, and you should convert it into a png [make sure the colors don’t get aliased, compressed, or otherwise changed whatsoever, looking at you jpg), convert it’s individual pixel values into a csv file, convert those big-ass pixel values into beautiful tile values, and add commas to the end of each line of the csv for good measure.
Step one! Get your tilemap png mistake! Find the dimensions, then download this old and frankly creepy software from this site I found https://www.avekt.com/en-us/Software/ImageCSV. Make absolutely sure that the colors are 1:1 with your planned tilesheet, if you aren’t sure use a photo editor like GIMP and bucket / color tool to make sure the colors are solid, and make corrections as needed.
Step two! Open A-VEKT Image CSV Converter, in that open your tilemap png, save as on said file, and under file type save as .csv.
Step three! Open this .csv in any application that has a find/replace function, use your context clues, go through and change every huge pixel value into a corresponding value for your tile map. The value for your tile map goes from left to right, then up to down, like words in a book. Refer to your tilemap, how it appears in tiled, or even a sample tilemap made in tiled with every tile in your tileset in order, preferably in the same dimensions as your original PNG (hint hint). Once every value has been replaced, add a comma to every single line except the last one. Save your csv and you are almost done!
Step four! After completing the previous step, create a new tilesheet in tiled with the same dimensions and tileset as corresponding to your png tilemap, edit this new tmx file in notepad or notepad++, and carefully replace the block of csv numbers in that file with the ones you created from the png using the converter. Make sure that the only thing that changes is the actual tile numbers, not the spacing, comma placement, or newlines or the file will read as corrupted in tiled and won’t load.
If your png tilemap shows up in tiled, success! Save it and go about editing it and tweaking it to your liking!
I really don’t expect this to get much traction but if I can help one poor soul who was in my situation it will be worth it, let me know if you want a tutorial in video form because like my methodology, this guide is the worst.
P.S. Please consider adding image to tile-map functionality to Tiled I saw it was something on your radar at some-point it would be pretty nice.