Im trying to Encrypt my Tilesets (The PNGs). Im using Libgdx
But because i didnt find any way to do that i want to do my own Json parser for the exported JSON Format of my map.
So i can decrypt my tilesets and use the data from the json to build up the map by myself.
But i dont understand the system yet. where does the map know which tileset i adress on a specific tile?
im sure it has something to do with firstgid but i dont get it, or is there another way to encrypt my tilesets?
The map contains global tile IDs, and a list of tilesets along with information about which tiles come from which tilesets (that’s what firstGID is).
To find which tile in the map belongs to which tileset, just look at the firstGIDs compared to the tile’d GID. It’ll belong to the tileset where firstGID <= tileGID, and where the next tileset’s firstGID > tileGID. Subtract the firstGID from the tileGID to get that tile’s 0-index into the tileset. From the 0-index you can get the x and y coordinates from the tileset’s tileWidth and image width.
A detailed example in case you need it.
Let’s say Garden.json is a map that uses two tilesets,
Castle.json with firstGID = 1
Forest.json with firstGID = 101
And let’s say the first few tiles in the Garden are 4, 130, 105, 34
Tile 4 must be from Castle.json because its GID is 4, which is >= 1 and < 101.
Tile 130 must be from Forest.json because its GID is > Forest’s firstGID and there are no further tilesets.
Ditto for tile 105.
Tile 34 must be from Castle.json because 34 >= 1 but < 101.
To get the pixel coordinates of a given tile in the tileset image, you need four pieces of information:
The tile’s 0-based index into the tileset, which is just tileGID - the tileset’s firstGID.
The width of the image, provided in the tileset file.
The tileWidth and tileHeight, provided in the tileset file.
The indexing is just linear from the top left corner of the image, left to right, top to bottom. You can calculate how many tiles are in each row: widthInTiles = floor(imageWidth / tileWidth)
You can calculate which row the tile is in: row = floor(tileIndex / widthInTiles)
You can calculate which column the tile is in: column = tileIndex % widthInTiles
Multiply row by tileWidth and column by tileHeight to get the pixel coordinate of the top left corner of the tile. The tile will be tileWidth x tileHeight in size.
Note that a map can have its own tileWidth and tileHeight parameters as well. If these differ from those given in the tilesets, that means the tiles should be scaled to the size requested by the map. This is rarely useful, but I wanted to mention it since it can be a source of confusion.
While scaling would be an option, note that Tiled does not scale the tiles but draws them bottom-left aligned in their cell. This allows taller tiles for walls or trees to overlap the tiles above them, or just a bit of grass sticking out from the top. The perspective_walls and isometric_grass_and_water examples demonstrate this.
Regarding the global tile ID system, that’s pretty well explained. There is also some information along with example code available in the documentation: